3) What is language?

Linguistic meaning is based on subject and predicate and not on some abiding essence inherent in the subject. If we said, “The thing is good,” there is no essential goodness in the subject itself, only in how it is perceived by the individual through the filters of culture and experience. What is good in one culture can be perceived as bad in another. If any random subject can be modified by any random predicate, then the essence of the subject cannot depend on the predicate to substantiate its quality or presence.

In this sense, our notion of identity is more a part of a symbol system governed by cultural and linguistic artifice than it is a stable internal precept.